Testing the Revolution and the Regime with Ethical Criticisms

The Dissident Ayatollah of the Islamic Republic of Iran Series (3) (Movajeheye Jomhouri Eslami ba ‘Ulamaye Muntaqid) Testing the Revolution and the Regime with Ethical Criticisms (Enqelab va Nezam dar buteye Naqd-e Akhlaqi) Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Rouhani, Slander, and Marja’iyat (Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Rouhani, Mubaheteh va Marji’iyyat) Mohsen Kadivar (1959- ) April 2014, Second Edition December 2015 E - Book 233 pages Official Website of Mohsen Kadivar Abstract Introduction Ayatollah Seyyed Mohammad Rouhani was one of the best-known opponents of Ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic movement between 1965-1977 at the…

Routinizing the Iranian Revolution

“Routinizing the Iranian Revolution” in Islam in the Modern World, edited by Jeffery T. Kenney and Ebrahim Moosa, Routledge, New York, 2014, pp. 351-368 Routinizing Iranian Revolution CHAPTER AT A GLANCE Revolution lays foundations of new Iranian state and Constitution Charismatic leadership and Shi`i political theology gave birth to the Islamic Republic of Iran Constitutional values undermined by a context political threats to Iran  Expedient secular values adopted by charismatic religious leadership erodes values of constitution and religion   The dramatic developments in 1979 shook the world.  Popular uprisings forced…