Rakel, Eva Patricia; The Iranian political elite, state and society relations, and foreign relations since the Islamic Revolution (pdf); University of Amsterdam, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, 2008; Sec 18.104.22.168: Lay and clerical Public Intellectuals (Abdolkarim Soroush, Mohammad Mojtahed Shabestari, and Mohsen Kadivar), pp. 123-124. The Political Elite in the Islamic Republic of Iran: From Khomeini to Ahmadinejad; Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Duke University Press, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2009, pp.109, 114, 117 & 120.