Reforming Islamic Thought through Structural Ijtihad

Iran Nameh: A Persian-English Quarterly of Iranian Studies, Vol. 30, No. 3, Nov. 2015, XX-XXVII Reforming Islamic Thought through Structural Ijtihad 1   Ijtihad, or independent reasoning, has been the first cause of the dynamism of Islam from within for several centuries, and it has worked well. According to this method, Muslim scholars – mostly jurists (fuqaha)—referred to the Qur’an and the tradition of the prophet Muhammad in order to find the practical duties (shari’a) of believers. The ordinances of shari’a that were introduced by the jurists were sufficient for…

The Green Call

IntroductionDownload The Green Call A Narrative of the Iranian Green Movement Volume I: Papers, Letters and Declarations (2009-2014) Nedaye Sabz Rawayati as Jonbesh-e Sabz-e Mardom-e Iran Jeld-e Awwal: Neweshtarha (1388-93) Mohsen Kadivar (1959- ) E-book: November 2014 478 Pages Publisher: Mohsen Kadivar Official website *** Preface 1 The Green Movement has been the most important populist dissident movement in the history of the Islamic Republic of Iran. This movement, which was initiated by the spontaneous protests of millions of people of Tehran against the June 2009 presidential election results, chanting…